If you don't
find the ingredient here, check the Animal Ingredients Chapter
or the Possibly Animal Derived chapterin this book. If you
still don't find the ingredient that you're unsure about, try a
dictionary or use your best judgement.
B, C, D,
E, F, G, H,
I, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q,
R, S, T, U,
Vitamin A. Palmitate (see Palmitic Acid). An aliphatic
alcohol. Can come from fish liver oil (ie. shark liver oil), egg
yolks, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots,
etc., synthetics. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, vitamins,
From the adrenals of hogs, cattle and sheep. In medicines. Alternatives:
Placenta. Placenta Polypeptides Protein.
Contains waste matter eliminated by the fetus. Derived from the
uterus of slaughtered animals. Animal, placenta is widely used in
skin creams, shampoos, masks, etc. Doesn't remove wrinkles. Alternatives:
kelp, vegetable oils.
Egg Albumen. Albumin. In eggs, milk, muscles, blood and in many
vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumin is usually derived
from egg whites. May cause allergic reactions. In cakes, cookies,
candies, other foods. Egg whites sometimes used in "clearing" wines.
ALBUMIN: See Albumen.
ALIPHATIC ALCOHOL: See Acetate.
uric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially
comfrey). In cosmetics, especially creams & lotions, and used
in the treatment of wounds and skin ulcers.
From sperm whale intestines. Used as a fixative
in perfumes and as a flavoring in foods and beverages. (US
regulations currently prohibit the use of ingredients derived
from marine mammals.) Alternatives: synthetic and vegetable fixatives.
AMINO ACIDS: Animal
or plant sources. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos,
DL and L forms. Aspartic Acid. Can be animal or plant (ie. molasses)
source. Is a nonessential amino acid. In creams and ointments. Sometimes
synthesized for commercial purposes.
enzyme prepared from the pancreas of hogs. In cosmetics and Inedicines.
Bone Meal. In some fertilizers, some vitamins
and supplements as a source of calcium, also in toothpastes. Alternatives:
plant mulch, vegetable compost, dolomite, clay, vegetarian vitamins.
ANIMAL OILS AND FATS: In
foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenic. Plant derivatives are
superior. Alternatives: olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil,
almond oil, safflower oil, etc.
ARACHIDONIC ACID: A liquid
unsaturated fatty acid occurring in the liver, brain, glands, and
fat of animals. Generally isolated from the liver. In skin creams
and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes.
ASPARTIC ACID: See Aminosuccinate
ASPIC: An industry alternative
for gelatin. Is made from clarified meat, fish or vegetable stocks
BEE POLLEN: Collected
from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people.
In supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Too concentrated
for human use.
From bees. For bees. Bees are selectively bred. Culls are killed.
A cheap sugar is substituted for their stolen honey and millions
die as a result. Their legs are often torn off by pollen-collecting
from the honeycomb of bees. Very cheap and traditional, but harmful
to the skin. Some companies won't use beeswax as it doesn't permit
the skin to breathe. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially
face creams, lotions, mascaras, eye creams and shadows, makeup bases,
nail whiteners, etc. Used in making candles, crayons and polishes.
Alternatives: Paraffin; vegetable oils and fats; ceresin, made from
the mineral ozokerite (replaces beeswax in candle making); carnauba
wax from the Brazilian palm tree (used in many cosmeticand in the
manufacture of rubber, phonograph records, in waterproofing and
writing inks); synthetic beeswax.
BENZOIC ACID: In
almost all vertebrates and in berries. In mouthwashes, de odorants,
creams, aftershave lotions, perfumes, foods, beverages. Alternatives:
gum benzoin (tincture) from the aromatic balsamic resin from trees
grown in China, Sumatra, Thailand and Cambodia.
Provitamin A. Carotene. Found in many animal tissues an in all plants.
Used as a coloring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of Vitami
H. Vitamin B Factor. In every living cell and in larger amounts
in milk and yeast. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, creams. Alternatives:
BLOOD: This should be obvious
but if it isn't.... From any slaughtered animal. Used in cheese
making, foam rubber, intravenous feedings, medicines and as adhesive
in plywood. Possibly in foods as lecithin (see choline
bitarate). Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources.
BOAR BRISTLES: Hair
from wild or captive hogs. In "natural" toothbrushes, hairbrushes,
bath brushes, cosmetic brushes and shaving brushes. Alternatives:
vegetable fibers, nylon.
Bone Earth. The ash of burned bones, used
as a fertilizer, in making ceramics and in cleaning and polishing
Bone Charcoal. A black pigment containing
about 10% charcoal made by roasting bones in an airtight container.
Used in aquarium filters and in refining cane sugar. In eye shadows,
BONE CHARCOAL: See Boneblack
BONE EARTH: See Bone
BONE MEAL: See Animal
D. Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2, Ergosterol, provitarnin D2, Calciferool).
Vitamin D3. Vitamin D can come from fish-liver oil, eggs, milk,
butter. Vitamin D2 is made by irradiating ergosterol, a provitamin
from plants or yeast. Vitamin D3 is from fish-liver oil. In creams,
lotions, other cosmetics, vitamins. Alternatives sunshine, plant
Calcite. Aragonite. A white powder or colorless,
crystalline compund, found mainly in limestone, marble and chalk,
bones, teeth, shells and plant ash.
CALCIUM HYDROXIDE: Slaked
lime, a white crystalline compund prepared by the action of water
on Calcium Oxide, used in
making alkalies, bleaching powder, etc.
a white soft, caustic solid, prepared by
heating Calcium Carbonate;
lime: used in making mortar and plaster, and in ceramics.
CALCIUM PHOSPHATE: Any
number of phosphates of calcium found in bones, teeth, and other
animal tissues and used in medicine and in the manufacture of enamels,
glass, cleaning agents, etc.
ACID: Can come from cow or goat milk. Also from palm and coco
nut oil, other plant oils. In perfumes,
Urea. Imidazolidinyl Urea. Uric Acid. Found in urine and other body
fluids. Also produced synthetically In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices,
mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc.
Used to, "brown" baked goods such as pretzels.
Cochineal. Carminic Acid. E120. Red pigment from the crushed female
cochineal insect. Reportedly 70,000 beetles may be killed to produce
one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple
sauce and other foods. May cause allergic reactions. Alternatives:
beet juice, no known toxicity (used in powders, rouges, shampoos);
alkanet root, from the root of an herblike tree, no known toxicity
(used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc. and can be combined
to make a copper or blue coloring).
See Beta Carotene.
Caseinogen. Milk protein. In "non-dairy" creamers, many cosmetics,
hair preparations, beauty masks. Alternatives: soy protein, vegetable
Castoreum. From muskrat and beaver genitals. Used in perfumes and
incense. Castor oil comes from the castor bean and is used in many
cosmetics. Alternatives: synthetics, plant sources.
Tough cord or thread made from the intestines of sheep, horses,
etc. Used for surgical sutures and for stringing tennis rackets
and musical instruments, etc. Alternatives: nylon & other man-made
Cetyl Lactate. Cetyl Myristate. Cetyl Palmitate. Ceteth-1, 02, etc.
Wax found in spermaceti from sperm
whales or dolphin. Used in lipsticks, mascaras, nail polish removers,
hand lotions, cream, rouges and many other cosmetics, shampoos,
hair lacquers and other hair products, deodorants, antiperspirants
(US regulations currently prohibit the use of ingredients derived
from marine mammals.) Alternatives: vegetable cetyl alcohol (ie.
coconut) synthetic spermaceti.
CETYL LACTATE: See Cetyl
CETYL MYRISTATE/ CETETH-(#): See
See Spermaceti and Cetyl
Cholesterol. A steroid alcohol, especially
in all animal fats and oils, nerve tissue, egg yolk and blood.
Can be derived from lanolin . In cosmetics,
eye creams, shampoos, etc. Alternatives: plant sources, synthetics.
CHOLESTEROL: See Cholesterin.
Lecithin. In all living organisms. Frequently
obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans (when stated
soy lecithin). Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn.
Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many
animal and plant tissues or prepared synthetically. Lecithin can
be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions,
soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, candies, other foods and medicines.
from the civet, a small mammal, by stimulating it, usually through
torture. Civets are kept captive in cages in horrible conditions.
Used in perfumes as a fixative.
COCHINEAL (E120): See Carmine.
COD LIVER OIL:
Fish Liver Oil. Fish Livers. Used in Lubricating
creams and lotions, vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified
with Vitamin D. Alternatives: vegetable oils, yeast extract ergosterol,
fibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue.
In cosmetics. Can't affect the skin's own collagen. Alternatives:
soy protein, almond oil, amla oil (from Indian tree's fruit).
Cortisone. Hormone from cattle liver. Widely
used in medicine. Alternatives: synthetics.
CORTISONE: See Cortico
Cystine. Two amino acids which can come from animals.
Used in hair products and creams,
in some bakery products and wound healing formulations. Alternatives:
CYSTINE: See Cysteine,
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. Ribonucleic Acid. Polypeptides. Obtained
from slaughterhouse wastes. In all living cells. Used in many protein
shampoos and cosmetics. Alternatives: plant cells.
DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID: See
Panthenol. Vitamin B Complex Factor. Provitarnin B5. Carl, come
from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, foods,
supplements, emollients, etc.
Monoglycerides. Glycerides. From animal
fat. In margarines, cake mixes, confectionaries, foods, peanut butter,
non-dairy coffee creamer, cos, metics, etc. Glycerin.
Alternatives: vegetable monoglycerides and diglycerides, synthetics.
or duck insulating feathers. Often from slaughtered or cruelly exploited
geese. Used in pillows and as an insulator in quilts, parkas and
sleeping bags. Bad in cold, wet weather as it packs down. Alternatives:
many polyester and man-made substitutes, superior in many ways;
Kapok (silky fibers from the seeds of some tropical trees); milkweed
seed pod fibers.
DUODENUM SUBSTANCES: From
the digestive tracts of cattle and swine. In some vitamins and medicines.
Alternatives: vegetarian vitamins, synthetics.
EGG ALBUMEN/ALBUMIN: See
EGG PROTEIN: In shampoos, skin
preparations, etc. Alternatives: plant pr teins.
ELASTIN: Found in the neck
ligaments and aorta of bovine. Similar to collagen. Can't affect
the skin's own elasticity. Alternatives: synthetics, proteins from
ERGISTEROL: See Calciferool.
Estrone. Estrogen. From cow ovaries and pregnant mares' urine.
Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by
children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills.
In creams and lotions. Has no effect in the creams as a "nourishing"
factor and simple vegetable source creams are considered better.
Alternatives: Oral contraceptives marketed today are usually based
on synthetic steroids. Phytoestrogens (from plants) are being researched
ACIDS: Can be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids,
caprylic, myristic, oleic, palmitic, stearic , behenic. Used in
bubble baths, lipsticks, soaps, detergents, cosmetics, shampoos,
foods. Alternatives: vegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower
oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc.
Generally from exploited and/or slaughtered birds. Can be used
as ornaments in whole or can be ground up in shampoos, etc.
See Cod Liver Oil.
OIL: See Cod Liver Oil.
Marine Oil. From fish or marine mammals (including porpoises).
Used in soap making, candles, lubricants, paints and as a shortening
(especially in some margarines). US regulations currently prohibit
the use of ingredients derived from marine mammals.
Used in shimmery makeups (eye, etc.). Garbage cans full of scales
are sold to manufacturers. Alternatives: mica, rayon.
Rare ingredient derived from fish liver which includes lecithin,
Vitamin A and Vitamin D.
speaks for itself.
Gel. Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments or
bones with water, from cattle and hogs. Used in shampoos, face masks,
other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings
Uello-brand desserts). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream,
yogurts. On photographic film as a coating and in vitamins as capsules.
Sometimes used to assist in "clearing" wines. Alternatives: algae
and seaweed (carrageen/ Irish Moss, algin, agar-agar, kelp), Gelozone,
used in jellies, plastics, medicines, pectin from fruit, dextrins,
locust bean gum and cotton gum. Marshmallows were originally made
from the root of the marshmallow plant.
An amino acid found widely in plant and animal tissue. Used as food
seasoning and as an antioxidant in cosmetics.
Glycerine. Glycerol. Polyglycerol. Polytethylene Glycol (PEG).
A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally used animal fat). In cosmetics,
foods, mouthwashes, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants,
transmission and brake fluids, plastics. Alternatives: vegetable
or vegetable glycerin, a by-product of vegetable oil soap; derivatives
of seaweed, petroleum.
FEATHERS: See Down.
Pearl Essence. Obtained from scales of fish. Constituent of
ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid and is found in all animal
and plant tissues. In shampoos, nail polish, other cosmetics. Alternatives:
leguminous plants, synthetics.
GLUE: Same as gelatin but of a cruder, more impure form. Alternatives:
clextrins and synthetic petrochemical-based adhesives.
for bees, made by bees. Still a sugar, too concentrated for humans.
Contains toxins harmful to humans. Can cause allergic reactions.
In cosmetics, foods. Alternatives: Maple syrup, date sugar, syrups
made from grains.
AND OTHER ANIMAL HAIR: In some blankets mattresses, brushes,
furniture, etc. Alternatives: vegetable and man-made fibers.
ANIMAL PROTEIN: In cosmetics, especially shampoos and hair treatments.
Alternatives: soy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil (from
an Indian tree's fruit).
MILK PROTEIN: Milk Protein. From cows'milk. In cosmetics, shampoos,
moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alteratives: soy protein, other
UREA: See Carbamide,
From the pancreas of hogs and oxen. Used by millions of diabetics
daily. Alternatives: synthetics, human insulin grown in a lab, diet
A form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish
bladders. In foods and sometimes used in "clearing" wines and beers.
Alternatives: bentonite clay, "Japanese isinglass". Isinglass
is also a mineral, mica, used in cosmetics.
MYRISTATE: Myristate Acid.
Myristyl. In most animal and vegetable fats. In butter acids. Used
in shampoos, creams, cosmetics, food flavorings. Alternatives: nut
butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of
From the ground-up horns, hoofs, feathers, quills and hair of
various creatures. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions.
Alternatives: almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from an Indian
tree's fruit), rosemary, nettle. Rosemary and nettle give body and
strand strength to hair.
ACID: Lactic Acid (a by-product
of the slaughterhouse). Produced by the fermentation of lactose
when milk sours or from sucrose and some other carbohydrates by
the action of certain microorganisms. Can be found in blood and
muscle tissue. In skin fresheners, adhesives, plasticizers, pharmaceuticals,
sour milk, beer, sauerkraut, pickles and other food products made
by bacterial fermentation. Used in foods and beverages as an acidulant,
flavoring and preservative.
See L-Lactic Acid.
Milk Sugar. Milk of Mammals. In eye lotions, foods, tablets,
cosmetics, baked goods, medicines, shampoos. Alternatives: plant
Lanolin Acid. Lanolin Alcohols (Sterol, Triterpene Alcohol,
Aliphatic Alcohol). Wool Fat. Laneth-5, -10, etc. Lanogene. Lanosterol.
Isopropyl Lanolate. A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted
from their wool. In many skin care products
and cosmetics and in medicines. Some cosmetic companies won't use
it because it commonly causes allergic contact skin rashes, and
also they consider it to be a cheap filler. Vegetable sources are
thought to be better moisturizers; lanolin is too greasy, waterproof
and sealing - skin can't breathe.
ACID: See Lanolin.
ALCOHOLS: See Lanolin.
Fat from hog abdomens. In shaving creams, soaps, cosmetics, baked
goods and other foods. Hard to digest. Alternatives: vegetable fats
Suede, Calfskin. Sheepskin. Alligator. Kid. Euphemism for animal
skin. The use of and sale of it subsidizes the meat industry. Used
to make wallets, handbags, belts, furniture, and car upholstery,
shoes, coats, etc. Alternatives: natural materials such as cotton
and canvas. Also man-made materials such as nylon and vinyl.
See Choline Bitartrate.
ACID: An essential fatty acid. In cosmetics,
Enzyme from the stomachs and tongue glands of calves, kids and
lambs. Probably in some vitamins. Alternatives: vegetable enzymes.
LIPOIDS/ LIPIDS: Fat
and fatlike substances which occur in animals and plants.
Sea Sponge. A plantlike animal that lives in the sea and is
becoming scarce, Alternatives: man-made sponges.
OIL: See Fish Oil.
An essential amino acid found in various proteins. Used as a
texturizer in creams.
MAMMALS: If this isn't already obvious, see Lactose.
Hydrolyzed Milk Protein. From cows' milk. In cosmetics, shampoos,
moisturizers, conditioners, etc. Alteratives: soy protein, other
From minks. In cosmetics, creams, etc. Alternatives: vegetable
oils and emollients (ie. avocado, almond oil, jojoba).
from the genitals of the Northern Asian small hornless deer. In
perfumes and food flavorings. Can cause allergic reactions. Alternatives:
labdanum (oil which comes from various rockrose shrubs) - no known
toxicity. Other plants have a musky scent also.
ACID: See Isopropyl Myristate.
See Isopropyl Myristate.
FLAVOR: Natural Flavoring. Natural Source. Can mean animal,
vegetable or mineral source. Most often in the health food industry,
it means an animal source, especially in cosmetics (ie. animal elastin
(see), animal glands, fat, protein, oil). Be wary of this
term. Find out exact source.
SOURCE: See Natural Flavor.
ACID: In the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics,
shampoos, conditioners, vitamins, supplements, etc. Alternatives:
DODECANOL: Mixture of solid waxy alcohols. Primarily from stearyl
Olestra®. A man made fat substitude that contains fatty
acids. Originally planned to market as a drug. Depletes
body of, and prevents absorbtion of vitamins. In some potato chips
and other fried foods. Alternatives: plant sources.
Oleth-2, -3, -20, etc. Oleyl Alcohol. Oleamine. Oleyl Betaine.
Obtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils, Is usually
obtained commercially from inedible tallow,
sometimes synthesized from petroleum. In foods, soft soaps,
bar soaps, permanent wave solutions, shampoos, creams, nail polish,
lipsticks, liquid makeups, many other skin preparations. Alternatives:
coconut oil; see alternatives for Animal Oils and Fats.
-3, -20, ETC./ OLEYL ALCOHOL/ OLEAMINE/ OLEYL BETAINE: See
OLYL ALCOHOL/ BETAINE: See
Oxgall. From castrated bovines. In creams.
See Ox Bile.
Acid. Fatty Acids. From fats, oils, mixed
with stearic acid. Occurs in
many animal fats and plant oils. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams.
Alternatives: palm oil and other vegetable source.
PALMITIC ACID: See Palmitate.
PANTHENOL: See Depanthenol.
PEARL ESSENCE: See Guanine.
PEPSIN: Obtained from the stomachs
of hogs. A clotting agent. In some cheeses and vitamins. Same uses
and alternatives as rennet.
POLYPEPTIDES PROTEIN: See Afterbirth.
POLYGLYCEROL: See Glycerin.
POLYPEPTIDES: See DNA/RNA.
PROTEIN: See Af erbirth.
of fatty acids. In cosmetics, foods.
GLYCEROL/ PEG: See Glycerin.
from the liver oil of sharks and from whale ambergris.
See Squalene. Used as a lubricant and
anticorrosive agent. In cosmetics. (US regulations currently prohibit
the use of ingredients derived from marine mammals.) Alternatives:
plant oils, synthetics.
steroid hormone used in face creams.
Can have adverse systemic effects. Alternatives: synthetics.
A resinous substance collected from various plants by bees and
used in the construction of their hives. In toothpastes, shampoos,
deodorants, supplements, etc.
A: See Beta Carotene.
B5: See Depanthenol.
27: Tallow. Stearamide. Stearate. Stearic
Acid. Stearin. Fat from cows, sheep, etc. (could be dogs and cats
from shelters). Most often refers to a fatty substance taken from
the stomachs of pigs. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics,
soaps, lubricants, candles, hairsprays, conditioners, deodorants,
creams. Alternatives: can be found in many vegetable fats (ie. coconut).
Rennin. From calves' stomachs. Used in cheesemaking, rennet custard
(junket) and in many coagulated dairy products. Alternatives: microbial
coagulating agents, bacteria culture, lemon juice.
ACID: See DNA/RNA.
Secretion of the throat glands of the honeybee workers that
is fed to the larvae in a colony and to all queens' larvae. No proven
value in cosmetic preparations. Alternatives: aloe vera, cornfrey,
other plant derivatives.
BRUSHES: From the fur of sables (weasel-like mammals). Used
to make cosmetic brushes. Alternatives: synthetic furs and fibers.
See Luna Sponge.
OIL: Turtle Oil. From the muscles
and genitals of giant sea turtles. In soaps, skin creams, nail creams,
other cosmetics. Alternatives: Vegetable emollients. (See Alternatives
for Animal Oils and Fats.)
Obtained from the bodies of the female scale insect Tachardia lacca.
Shellac is used as varnish, as a coating on wood and plaster, in
electrical insulation, and in sealing wax.
fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Boiled or roasted
in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth and silk screening.
Alternatives: milkweed seed pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree
and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, man-made silks. Other fine
cloth can be and is used for silk screening. Taffeta can be made
from silk or nylon.
SILK POWDER: Obtained
from the secretion of the silkworm. Used as a coloring agent in
face powders, soaps, etc. Causes severe allergic reactions; systemic
reactions if inhaled or ingested.
In some cosmetics.
Cetyl Palmitate. Sperm Oil. Waxy oil derived
from the sperm whale's head or from dolphins. In skin creams, ointments,
shampoos, candles, many margarines. Used in the leather industry.
May become rancid and cause irritations (US regulations currently
prohibit the use of ingredients derived from marine mammals.) Alternatives:
Synthetic spermaceti, jojobas oil and other vegetable emollients.
SPERM OIL: See Spermaceti.
Obtained from shark liver oil. Lubricant and perfume fixative.
Obtained from shark liver oil or vegetable
oil. An emollient from a "natural source". A
precursor of cholesterol in biosynthesis. In cosmetics, moisturizers,
hair dyes. Alternatives: vegetable emollients (olive oil, wheat
germ oil, rice bran oil, etc.).
STEARAMIDE/ STEARATE/ STEARIN:
See Quaternium 27.
See Quaterniun 27.
Stenol. A mixture of solid alcohols; can
be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses,
shampoos, etc. (US regulations currently prohibit the use of ingredients
derived from marine mammals.) Alternatives: plant tissues, synthetics.
See Stearyl Alcohol.
Sterol. From various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids
include sterols. Sterols are alcohols from animals or plants (ie.
cholesterol). Used in hormone preparations. In creams, lotions,
hair conditioners, fragrances, etc. Alternatives: plant tissues,
Tallowate. Tallow Fatty Alcohol. Stearic
Acid. Rendered beef or sheep fat. May cause eczema and
blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants,
candles, soaps, shampoos, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics.
Alternatives: vegetable tallow (animal tallow usually used commercially),
Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin. (See alternatives for Beeswax.)
ALCOHOL: See Tallow.
See Sea Turtle Oil.
A: Retinol. Acetate and Palmitate. (See Palmitic
B COMPLEX FACTOR: Provitamin B5. Depanthenol.
B FACTOR: See Biotin.
B12: Usually from an animal source. Some vegetarian B12 fortified
yeasts and analogs available. Some vegetarian B12 vitamins are in
a stomach base. Plant algae discovered containing B12, now in supplement
form (spirulina). Also, B12 is produced in a healthy body.
D: See Calciferool.
H: See Biotin.
(Choline, Biotin, Inositol, Riboflavin,
etc.). Many other vitamins can come from animal sources. Alternatives:
vegetarian vitamins, plant and mineral sources.
From milk. Usually in cakes, cookies, candies, cheese. Alternatives:
From sheep (in the US, mostly from slaughtered ones). Used in
clothing, including blends. Ram lambs and old "wool" sheep are slaughtered
for their meat and last shearing. Sheep are transported without
food or water in extreme heat and cold. Legs are broken, eyes injured,
etc. Sheep are bred to be unnaturally woolly. Inferior sheep are
killed. Shearing DOES hurt the sheep. They are pinned down violently,
sheared roughly. Their skin is cut up. Every year, hundreds of thousands
of shorn sheep die from exposure to cold. Natural predators of sheep
(wolves, coyotes, eagles, etc.) are poisoned, trapped and shot.
In the US, overgrazing by cattle and sheep is turning more than
150 million acres of land into desert. "Natural" wool raising uses
enormous amounts of resources and energy (to breed, raise, feed,
shear, transport and slaughter the sheep). Many people are allergic
to wool. Alternatives: cotton, cotton flannel, linen, man made fibers.
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